Poland has not had a national atlas so far, even though the polish cartography reached a high European level already in the interwar period. The forerunner of the Polish national atlas should be the Geographical and Statistical Atlas of Poland developed by E. Romeral, first published in 1916. In the interwar period, the Central Statistical Office issued in 1930 the atlas of the Republic of Poland, a statistical atlas reissued in during the war in London. After the war, further attempts were made. In 1947, Maly atlas Polski, compiled by J. Kondracki, was published, and in the years 1947-1948, two volumes of the atlas Study of the national plan, edited by J. Chmielewski, were published. K. Dziewoński and B. Malisz. The most serious attempt to develop and publish a national atlas-type work was made by the then Central Office of Geodesy and Cartography, publishing four issues (24 maps) of the Atlas of Poland in the years 1953-1956. This publication was unfortunately interrupted due to publishing difficulties. Only the establishment of the Institute of Geography (currently the Institute of Geography and Spatial Development) of the Polish Academy of Sciences created real grounds for undertaking extensive work on the national atlas.
The development of the National atlas of Poland has gone through various stages of development. Initial preparatory work began as early as 1959, but the establishment of the Editorial Committee in 1960 should be considered the appropriate moment to begin work on the atlas. This committee, with several changes, operated until the publication was completed. Based on the general concept and preliminary model adopted by the Editorial Committee, they began to prepare atlas maps showing the state in 1960, partially updated according to data from 1965. A complete set of editorial outlines was ready in 1968, but further work was suspended due to difficulties related to publication possibilities. It was not until 1971 that the publishing matters were finalized. Based on the decision of the Scientific Secretary of the Polish Academy of Sciences of December 30, 1971, the publication of the National atlas of Poland was undertaken by the National Institute Ossolińscy, Publishing House of the Polish Academy of Sciences. The issue of fully updating the atlas according to data from 1970 became obvious.
Most of the maps were developed completely from scratch, but the previous concept of the work as a whole was maintained. The atlas maps include many original works that have not been published anywhere before. ATLAS was developed in the Cartography Laboratory of the Institute of Geography of the Polish Academy of Sciences with extensive participation of representatives of all departments of geography and specialists from other fields of science. The reproduction of the atlas was undertaken by the Military Cartographic Works in Warsaw.
The general concept of the Narodowy Atlas Polski is based on five main assumptions:
The 127 foldout sheets contain over 500 individual maps and are divided into following 14 sections:
The atlas also contains a plastic transparent overlay sheet with administrative boundaries in 4 most commonly used map scales (1:2 000 000, 1:4 000 000, 1: 6 000 000 and 1:8 000 000).
Very good condition, with very little signs of use.
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